How to fish Barataria Bay

This Trout Master catches plenty of big speckled trout all summer long. Here’s how he does it.

In his 35 years of guiding on Grand Isle, Carol “Zutie” Auenson has seen a lot of changes, things he talks about with sadness.

“This whole area has changed. The islands are gone. Reefs we used to catch fish on don’t have fish any more. I don’t know why. We are still catching a lot of fish, but we are working harder for the numbers that we get.

“I could probably catch more if I used live shrimp, but I fish croakers. Croakers catch bigger fish. When we catch trout, nine out of 10 stay in the boat (they are not undersized). And I don’t go through as many baits, because everything eats shrimp.”

Auenson does catch big trout. Grand Isle is known for producing small trout and lots of them. But here, in the land of little trout, 10 6-pounders have come over the rail of his boat, as well as more than 30 5-pound fish.

The water may only be a foot deep. If the fish don’t hit the bait in close, fish it carefully all the way back to the boat. If they don’t hit it inside, they will probably hit it outside.

Although Auenson loves to use soft plastics on jigheads, his charter business for speckled trout at Grand Isle is built around using live croakers as bait. He feels that croakers offer some versatility that other live baits and plastics don’t have. “You can catch specks in murky water with croakers because they make croaking noises,” he explains.

When fishing on a beach, fish as close in as possible early in the morning to catch the biggest fish, so close, in fact, that the bait can be cast on the beach and retrieved into the water. The target area is between the beach itself and where the waves are breaking.

How to fish live croaker

Auenson usually hooks his croakers through the flesh beneath the rear of the dorsal fin. He will also occasionally jab the hook through the baitfish’s lips, but he feels croakers swim more actively when hooked through the back.

He uses a delicate touch with his rod, very slowly and gently jigging and retrieving the slack. He is always in touch with his bait. Instead of striking immediately when he feels a trout bump the croaker, he will set the hook only when he feels that the fish has the bait fully in its mouth.

His basic rig for fishing live croakers is a Carolina rig: an 18-inch leader with a 3/0 Kahle hook on one end and a swivel on the other. Threaded on the main line above the swivel is normally a 1/2-ounce egg sinker, although he will use a 3/4-ounce weight if the surf is rough and he has to make longer casts to reach his favored fishing spots near the beach. The leader is 30-pound monofilament.

“Nothing special like fluorocarbon,” he said. “I just don’t see no difference, and (mono is) a lot cheaper.”

A simple artificial presentation is a split-tail beetle on a jighead.

How to fish plastics

Auenson uses soft plastics on 1/4-ounce jigheads secondarily to live bait. He keeps his selections simple, his favorite being smoke/glitter split-tail beetles. Other colors he uses include glow, white and blue moon. On occasion, he will also use plastic cocahoe minnow-type lures and straight-tails.

He may or may not use an 18-inch shock leader tied line to line when he fishes with jigs. If he doesn’t, he reties frequently. Plastics are useful in places with too many obstructions to fish Carolina rigs, such as near rock riprap. He fishes plastics using a slow, steady retrieve with an occasional twitch.

Auenson also always keeps a rod rigged with plastics for fishing under birds. While he quickly admits he isn’t crazy about fishing under diving birds in bays and lakes, he will stop to fish them along the beaches because the schools don’t move as much as do those inside. He cautions, however, to know the difference between “liar birds,” as he calls smaller terns, “which are always dipping and diving,” and larger gulls that only dive in groups on feeding fish.

He also uses plastics on jigs to find fish because he can cover a lot of water with them. But when he finds trout, he picks up a rod with a Carolina rig and a croaker on it. “You can catch more,” he said, “and you catch bigger fish. You gotta remember that I like bigger fish.”

Auenson’s favorite reels are Shimano Curado baitcasting reels, which he fills with 15-pound Berkley Big Game monofilament.

Schools of trout don’t move as much when they’re just off the beach compared to inside waters.

“Some people like that braided line,” he said. “I don’t. It has no stretch, and you can pull the hook out of their mouth.”

Favored rods for years were Falcon, but Auenson didn’t like a recent style change and has shifted over to Castaway rods. His rods are either medium- or medium-heavy action in 61/2- or 7-foot lengths. “You need a rod with a little backbone for croakers,” he said.

Tides and moon phases matter

As a guide, Auenson must fish all moon stages and all tides, but he does have definite preferences.

“We like to fish the climbing (increasing) moon. After the full moon, fishing starts going down,” he said.

As for tides, he said, “I prefer an incoming tide. I like it to start at 4 a.m. and run until noon. You get clearer water. As for range, I really don’t like a heavy range. Fish don’t feed too much. We like .7 to 1.2 feet. A 1.9(-foot) range is too much. I will often move spots to get ahead of a real strong tide — go inside until the tide catches up; then go inside more.”

Auenson’s tips

A Carolina rig is Auenson’s bread-and-butter setup for using croakers as bait.
  • If you fish with live shrimp, use a medium-sized shrimp, not the little bitty weenies and not the jumbos.
  • Finger mullet and pogies are also good bait. Trout will hit larger pogies than croakers, often as big as a human hand. “As a guide, I can’t guarantee getting pogies every morning, so I buy croakers. But I carry a cast net all the time. If I see them while fishing, I will get them.”
  • Croakers 21/2 to 31/2 inches long are best for general trout fishing. Croakers longer than 31/2 inches are good for big trout at offshore rigs and for mangrove snapper.
  • Don’t sit in one place too long. If you don’t get a bite in 15 minutes, move. The fish don’t find you — that’s a fact.

Jerald Horst
About Jerald Horst 959 Articles
Jerald Horst is a retired Louisiana State University professor of fisheries. He is an active writer, book author and outdoorsman.