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Best Rifle and Cartridge for Long Range Shots

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My deer stand on my lease is right on a pipeline. Several of our stands sit along it. Usually when I am able to go, no one else is there hunting so I have a choice of the 4 stands. My problem lies in the fact that it stretches quite a long distance and I inevitably choose the wrong stand. I need something that can reach 300-800 yards and knock them down. I currently own a Remington 270, Savage 7mm .08, and a Weatherby 30-06. Will the right cartridge in any of these rifles get me what I'm looking for? I'm hearing good things about the ballistics on a .270 WSM or a .300 WSM. I'm just looking for the best. If that means buying a new rifle I can. Any opinions would be helpful.
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Re: Best Rifle and Cartridge for Long Range Shots
All three calibers are capable of what you want to accomplish but to actually shoot those distances you really would need a gun that can produce accuracy for that kind of range along with a scope you can dial for those ranges. If one of your long action rifles is a Remington 700 you could get a custom air guaged barrel fitted to it and a quality stock and bed gun. Also a trigger job, some great rings and high quality dialable long range scope. You would need to work up some handloads with high quality bullets and brass to achieve results you are trying to accomplish. I know of a couple guys who are getting under 3” groups at 800 with such rifles, one is a 30/06 which is an extremely consistent caliber with lots of good bullets available. Problem is it takes a little time to dope scope after ranging target which often isn’t available in the south. Works great out west. Find you a good gunsmith who can do such work. It will cost a couple thousand by time you buy scope, barrel, stock, rings, bullet supplies and someone to load, build gun and bed. Good luck. There are a few semi custom rifles that can do it if you do your homework. Once you step out into long ranges it requires extreme precision components to deliver consistently at those distances. It will also require some great shooting skills and some trigger time behind that gun to be able to do on a proficient level. With all of that the majority of deer will run at those distances as energy levels are down unless you get lucky and break running gear. In south it’s hard to tell where deer was standing when you walk 600 yards away. We looked for 3 hours for a deer in a grass field that fell at 400 yards before we found him during daylight. Good luck
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Re: Best Rifle and Cartridge for Long Range Shots
300 to 500 yards is pretty easy. Your Rem 700 can do that depending on your ammo, barrel and the bedding. I've found Weatherby Mark V's to be very accurate providing you use the Weatherby factory ammo made by Norma. Even if your rifle is outstanding, you need quality ammunition that the rifle likes!

As far as caliber goes, a 30-06 can be made to shoot at great distances. I had Ackley customize my Rem 700 to 280AI. I've had excellent results with it. I'm also fond of the ,270 Wby Magnum as a long-range cartridge. If you don't mind a little recoil, the .300 Wbg Magnum is outstanding as is its cousin, the .300 Win Mag.

Rifles need to be properly bedded, perfectly square, and have a concentric barrel. A good trigger is also required - I have had excellent results with the Rem 700 Walker trigger and the Weatherby Mark V trigger. If in doubt, a Timney replacement will only set you back $130 and takes no time to install.

As has been stated, an outstanding scope is required, though I've done well to 700 yards with a Leupold VX-3. Zeiss has very clear optics but they are expensive. I understand many of the long-range shooters are using NightForce. I have no experience with that.

Get accurate measurements from stand to stand and KNOW YOUR DISTANCES. Then plan on plenty of practice with premium ammo that your rifle likes. There's no substitute for practice. If you handload, so much the better.

You can't just buy accuracy. You can buy the tools to get you there. Going out and buying a new rifle expecting it to do what you ask is quite iffy. Having your favorite rifle(s) examined by a qualified gunsmith who understands the accuracy you're interested in would be my start. Let him explain the reasons one is the better and then discuss needs - new barrel, chamber, etc. Then find the ammo that rifle likes the best. When this is accomplished, PRACTICE, PRACTICE, PRACTICE!!!
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Re: Best Rifle and Cartridge for Long Range Shots
technically speaking, the best caliber/bullet would be the one that drops the least at long distance, ie the 'fastest' bullet. Gun manufacturers aside, your best caliber that will kill a deer and retain its speed and therefore minimize its drop is the .243.
Other calibers will do the job, you just have to compensate more. So the easiest, simplest, least compensated bullet would be .243.

Gun brands and types will definitely make a difference. Bolt action always better than lever action from an accuracy standpoint at long range.
So...Remington Model 700 Bolt action in .243 caliber is a damn fine, fast gun and bullet.
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Re: Best Rifle and Cartridge for Long Range Shots
Mr TG I’m gonna have to go against your recommendation. The reason being a 243 is a fine youth rifle because of lack of recoil and at reasonable distances and in good hands can do a fine job on killing deer. It’s weakness is lack of horsepower. Most deer will run and the bullet will rarely pass thru leaving no blood trail. Yes it will kill the deer but there will often be no evidence that you hit deer from deers reaction or will there be any blood. Also this Bullets light weight will struggle to maintain course at really long distances if wind is up. Yes it is a flat shooter. A 165 grn 30 cal will yield tremendously better results on game at long distances as will a 284 caliber bullet. You will usually know you hit them and a much greater chance at a blood trail if you don’t knock them down. I’ve seen and known many people to lose deer with 243 simply because bullet didn’t knock them down and it didn’t pass thru so there was no blood trail to follow and this is at normal ranges 50-150 yds. Great caliber for youth and doe management but I feel very undergunned for mature bucks at long ranges.
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Re: Best Rifle and Cartridge for Long Range Shots
So I too have property with pipelines and powerlines. I can tell you when you start talking anything past 400 yards it takes some one that has practiced a lot. I shoot a Browning A bolt 300WSM with 150 grain Barnes TXS bullet. It is very flat, and capable of reaching further than I can shoot it. I killed a deer at 317 yards last year with it. I did elevate for the shot, and was surprise that the bullet hadn't dropped as much as I thought it would. As said earlier a .243 is extremely flat. Problem is the bullet is light, and doesn't have the needed energy when you get way out there. 300 yards would be safe, I doubt 500 yards would be effective.
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Re: Best Rifle and Cartridge for Long Range Shots
no doubt a smaller bullet with less energy. I was really replying from a ballistics standpoint.
I would 'recommend' .270. Almost as flat and 150gr bullet will knock down anything in N.America with a proper shot.
I now shoot a 270 but in my younger years have knocked down many deer with 243.
But it is a lighter bullet with less energy.
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