Range and energy
August 07, 2008 at 6:09am
.357 is very effective for law enforcement because most law enforcement shootings, and training for shootings, is less than 25 yards. Police are not trained to shoot, and will not likely ever shoot, a 100 yard shot with a pistol. If there is a need to take out a bad guy at 100 yards, a sniper would be the one to do it with a .308.
As far as deer hunting, the range on .357 is its weakness. Most of the rounds deliver only 1100 - 1300 fps and 450 -600 ft-lbs of energy. That is effective at 15 yds, but useless at 100. Police do not want exit wounds to protect bystanders and recover evidence (the projectile) so .357 is fine. Deer hunters want entry/exit and you likely won't get that with .357.
Compare the .460 S&W with 2300 fps and 2100 ft lbs in the Hornady rounds. That is what deer hunters are looking for.